The largest snake on the planet - anaconda, which refers to boas. Still not met snake more anaconda. The average weight fluctuates around 100 kg, while the length reaches 6 meters or more. Some experts say that even 11 meters for such an aquatic beauty is not the limit.
True, such the length of the snake anaconda not yet been able to fix scientifically. So far, only an anaconda, whose length was 9 meters, has been met and noted conclusively, this, of course, is not 11 meters, but such dimensions of the snake make it shudder. By the way, female snakes are much larger and stronger than males.
Why "water beauty"? Because the anaconda has another name - water boa. It is in the water, in shallow water, that she is most easily able to catch prey and remain unnoticed. And nature took care of the conspiracy of anaconda. The skin color of this snake is gray-green, brown spots are located on the back, which go staggered.
The spots do not have a strictly defined shape - nature does not like geometry, and the snake has every chance to go unnoticed with such an “incorrect” color. In order to merge even more with water covered with fallen leaves, there are small yellowish spots with a dark border on the sides of the body.
The color of the skin is unique to each individual, so finding two completely identical anacondas will not work. Since the anaconda is a boa constrictor, it is endowed with great power. She has no poison, in this regard she is harmless, but woe to anyone who takes it lightly - even a small deer can become prey.
This reptile is endowed not only with power, but also with the mind and, even, cunning. Animals and some people mistake her protruding, forked tongue for a dangerous organ, believing that it is with its help that a deadly bite will be applied. But in this way the snake just orientates in space. The language recognizes the chemical component of the environment and gives the command to the brain.
Anaconda prefers to live an aquatic lifestyle. In the water she has no enemies, and on land no one dares to mess with this dangerous predator. There, she molts. A snake is a cold-blooded creature, therefore, if there is not enough heat, it prefers to crawl ashore and bask in the sun, although it does not creep away from the water.
If the pond dries up, the anaconda has to find another, but when drought overtakes all ponds, this snake digs into the silt and falls into a state of stupor, only in this way it manages to survive until the new rainy season.
Anaconda dwells throughout tropical South America. They are quite comfortable in canals, rivers, lakes, snakes settled in the Amazon and Orinoco, stay on the island of Trinidad.
Savannah Llanos (Central Venezuela) turned out to be a serpentine paradise altogether - a six-month period of rains creates an ideal place for living and breeding anacondas, which is why there is much more anaconda in those places than anywhere else. Local lagoons and marshes are superbly warmed up by the sun, which further adds favorable conditions to this anaconda snake world.
The ration of this boa is diverse. Anaconda eats all the small animals that you manage to catch. Fish, small rodents, waterfowl, lizards and turtles are eaten.
All this, the snake’s stomach perfectly processes with the help of the strongest acids, even the shell and bones of turtles are not inedible. Of course, small prey is not a reason to use powerful muscle rings, but the use of large prey (and the anaconda does not disdain rams, dogs, small deer), this is not a pleasant sight.
First, the snake lies in wait for its prey for a long time, hiding among the coastal thickets, then there is a sharp jerk and then rings are looped around the poor man, which compress the victim’s body with extraordinary power.
Anaconda does not break, does not crush bones, as other boas do, it compresses production so that oxygen cannot enter the lungs and production dies from suffocation. This snake has no fangs, so it does not tear food and does not chew.
Starting from the head, the anaconda begins to swallow the victim. Its seemingly small mouth is stretched to the size that is necessary for the passage of the carcass. At the same time, the throat is stretched. Are available photo anacondawhere it shows how a snake swallows a small deer.
Although, according to experts, there is only one case of anaconda attacking a person, this snake has firmly established itself in the dangerous animals section. By the way, the anaconda is not averse to bite their fellow tribesmen. So, in the zoo in her menu got a 2.5 meter python.
While swallowing a victim, the anaconda is most vulnerable. This is understandable; all her strength is spent on pushing food inside, her head is busy, and it will not work to slip away with a large piece in the mouth with lightning speed. But after eating the snake is "good-natured." This is easy to explain - she needs time to calmly digest food.
Reproduction and longevity
Life expectancy in the wild by scientists is not exactly established, in captivity the anaconda does not live long, only 5-6 years. However, this figure is also untrue, because there was a snake that lived in captivity for 28 years. Anaconda is not the size of a snake to live in a pack. Like other large predators, she lives and hunts alone.
However, in the spring (April - May), when the rainy season begins in Amazonia, these snakes gather in groups - the mating time begins at the anacondas. In order for the “bridegroom” not to wander too long in search, the “bride” leaves a trace on the earth, which during this period is generously flavored with an odorous substance - pheromone.
On this trail, the female finds not one, but several males at once. However, fights for the beauty to arrange anaconda in males are not accepted. Here, too, the strongest will be the father of the offspring, but the most worthy wise snakes will choose differently.
All the males who found the female by smell wrap around her body and begin love games, which last up to a month and a half. All this time, males cannot eat, hunt, relax - courtship takes away from them all the time, and indeed strength. But after mating, the ball breaks up by itself, and the "lovers" creep in different directions.
Males go about their business, and the female begins a difficult period of gestation. Pregnancy lasts 6-7 months. All this time, the female does not hunt or eat, because she is especially vulnerable during feeding. Therefore, the anaconda is very thin, for her this condition is stressful.
But the offspring, nevertheless, is safely born. Viper is born from 30 to 42, all of them live-born. Although, the anaconda is capable of laying eggs. Cubs are born with a length of just a little more than half a meter, but they should already worry about their food on their own.
After giving birth, a mother who has been hungry for six months goes hunting. Of course, mothers from anacondas are far from the most tremulous, she does not feed them, she does not protect them from predators, she does not give them nests. Little kites have been endowed with all survival skills from birth. They swim superbly, can skillfully disguise themselves, deftly move at the slightest danger.
And they have a lot of dangers. In the animal world, everything is arranged naturally, if an adult anaconda practically has no enemies and eats caimans, birds and small wild cats with impunity, then these same cats and caimans now prey on anaconda cubs.
Therefore, of the entire brood, only the most dexterous, fastest and strongest serpents remain alive, which turn into the strongest snakes on earth, the real enemy of which is only man.