Characteristics and habitat of gyurza
Gyurza - a huge size, reaching in length with a tail of two meters, a poisonous snake belonging to the Vipers family. In other words, the Levantine viper is called. The average weight of an adult reaches three kilograms.
Many representatives of the species have a thickness exceeding the size of a person’s hand. Gyurza snake differs in a wide and large head, monophonic or with a pattern of spots and arcs.
The neck is relatively small and clearly stands out from the head. The eyes and pupil are vertical. The skin is covered with scales, the belly and tail have bristles. Drawing and coloring are the most diverse. Gyurza snake (as seen on a photo) is monophonic: brown, brown and black, often purple.
Sometimes it can be covered with dark brown spots. It lives in the countries of Asia and Africa. From the space of the former USSR, where this species of reptile was considered the largest representative of the fauna, it occurs gyurza snake in Dagestan, in the North Caucasus, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan.
It is a rare and endangered species in Russia and is listed in the Red Book for this reason. The size of the population of this variety of reptiles is sharply reduced due to their numerous extermination.
However, in the domestic expanses this is the most dangerous and deadly snake, gyurza bite comparable only with the Asian cobra. Its poison is extremely effective and is a dangerous hemolytic substance, and 50 milligrams of it is enough for death.
When poison enters the bloodstream of a person, the structure of red blood cells in the blood is destroyed. Every year, up to several thousand people become victims of this type of snake in the world. That is why it is better to know: what does the snake of gyurza look like, in time to warn of a possible danger.
Gyurza prefers to settle in areas with an arid climate and settles in semi-desert territories, significantly overgrown with shrubs. It also occurs in areas occupied by man as a result of his life.
It often happens that snakes settle on the outskirts of large cities and near irrigation canals, living on cultivated lands. In particular, much is known about kizlyar gyurza - snakessettled near residential buildings and country camps. They are distinguished by a small number of spots and numerous scutes in the abdominal region.
Character and lifestyle of a snake of a gyurza
Features of the behavior and habits of gyurza directly depend, as in many animals, on the season. In hot and dry periods, she prefers to conduct active life exclusively at night, hiding from the scorching sun. And in more favorable periods, in the spring or in the fall, he masters the daily lifestyle.
Overwintering, snakes form small groups of 5-12 individuals, hiding in shelters that can be located in cliffs or at the foot of rocks. But they can settle for the winter and alone. They crawl out into nature and break into an active life when the average daily air temperature becomes +10 ° C and higher.
The snake can be seriously dangerous not only for the careless traveler, but also for livestock and pets. When attacking, she makes sharp throws towards her victim over the entire length of her huge body. From her insidiousness and aggressiveness, even experienced snake-eaters can suffer.
Because the gyurza snake venom contains hemostatic substances, drugs are made from it. Many serpentariums capture, maintain and breed this species of poisonous snakes, then selling their poison for medical purposes.
To keep gyurza in nurseries, either terrariums or special rooms with an artificial climate and the ability to regulate temperature, as well as daylight hours, are used.
There, without fail, there is a replaceable heating and ventilation mode. Special nurseries are also being built in nurseries, which always contain clean water. In terrariums, where usually no more than one individual is placed, the content for gyurza is more preferable than in common rooms with a large number of tribesmen.
This will allow to closely monitor the state of the body and the degree of health of reptiles and take the necessary measures in time to identify possible painful symptoms. There it is easier to monitor the diet and completely eliminate possible conflicts between snakes, as well as the consequences of their aggressive behavior.
According to the laws of nature, all snakes are insidious predators. Gyurza poisonous snake settles near cool springs, in picturesque oases and along the banks, providing pleasant moisture in the heat of rivers, where she adores swimming and hunting for waterfowl and animals that came to the watering hole.
The snake eats small rodents, among which are rugs, gerbils, pikas, and also rats. Gyurza can eat sparrows, lizards and other snakes. Often, the snake awaits its prey, settling on some stone, showing incredible treachery and patience, making a sharp and lightning throw at the approach of prey.
Squeezing the victim in a vice, she does not let her go until poison begins to act, then swallows the whole without a trace. Having a great appetite, gyurza immediately continues the hunt for new victims. In spring and autumn, Gyurza loves to seek prey in the places of overnight stay of migratory birds, ambushing them in bushes and vineyards.
Gyurza knows how to perfectly climb trees, which also greatly helps her in the hunt. The newly born cubs of this species of reptile independently earn their own food and may well be content with insects.
Breeding and longevity of a gyurza
A similar type of reptile belongs to the oviparous representatives of the fauna. The mating season for gyurza begins in early April and ends in mid-June. And in the last month of the summer, the gyurza-mother lays eggs, the number of which is from 15 to 30, in some cases reaches 40 pieces. They are covered with a leathery thin translucent shell.
After 4-7 weeks, small snakes appear from them, the size of which does not exceed 25-27 cm, and they weigh a little more than ten grams. Immediately after birth, the serpents creep in different directions, starting an independent life. Parents are no longer interested in them.
In the fall, they hibernate for 4-5 months. The ability to produce their own offspring snakes get to three years. The lifespan of gyurza in the wild is a little over a dozen years. In captivity, with good care, reptiles of this species often reach the age of 18-20 years.