A beautiful and elegant angel fish can become a wonderful decoration of a large home aquarium. With its attractive and varied colors with neon colors characteristic of tropical fish, all aquarists like it. In addition, these fish are quite unpretentious in care, so even a novice lover of aquatic inhabitants can cope with their contents.
Angel fish got into home aquariums from warm tropical seas. In the natural environment, they settle among bright coral reefs at various depths. Some subspecies are found even at a depth of about 60 meters. Angels live in fish in the waters of three oceans - the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian, and in all seas of the tropical and subtropical climatic zones.
Despite the fact that the angel fish belongs to the perch family, which are overwhelmingly predators, this fish prefers a varied diet. They feed mainly on zooplankton, algae, sponges, and small invertebrates. In fact, these angelfish are omnivores. They differ quite significantly in size, their average length is 10-20 cm, but some species can grow up to 60 cm.
The angel acquires its bright and extraordinary color upon reaching a certain size. Kids have a uniform and rather nondescript color, which contributes to greater survival of fish in natural conditions. Color change happens very quickly. In almost a few weeks, a plain-looking fish turns into a gorgeous beauty in a bright extraordinary outfit. Despite living in coral reefs, angels form quite large groups, by nature they are loners. Groups exist only to designate and protect their range, within which the fish form pairs. Stronger males may have a small harem of 1-3 females, which they carefully protect.
It was the diversity and magnificence of the natural color of the angel fish that attracted the attention of aquarists around the world to it. And to watch them in a natural environment is a fascinating and beautiful adventure.
Species of Angel Fish
Species of angel fish, or as they are also called, piquant fish, are enough
many - the family consists of 7 genera and approximately 90 species:
The most diverse species composition is the small centropigi, which reach a maximum of 18-20 cm in size. But some species of piquant grow in adulthood by 45 and even 60 cm in length. And in a room aquarium they will be cramped.
As already mentioned, the angel fish is unpretentious and may well coexist with almost any kind of aquarium fish. When creating conditions conducive to reproduction, she touchingly cares for offspring and has a certain intelligence. If there is a sufficient amount of food, then adult individuals quite peacefully coexist with the young, which greatly simplifies the maintenance and breeding of these fish in the aquarium.
Since fish come from warm tropical seas, the constant temperature of water in area 25-28C for them is a vital indicator. In addition, the water should have Ph in the range of 8.1-8.4. Natural inhabitants of coral reefs, they love to hide in stones and eat algae from them. Therefore, if you want the fish to feel comfortable - be sure to take care of this. These amazing fish live long enough. Under good conditions and a well-composed diet, they can please their beauty for up to 10-15 years. And although acclimatization in the new aquarium takes some time, but after adaptation the fish feels absolutely comfortable and even makes contact.
Angel fish is a rather gluttonous creature, but omnivorous. Therefore, on the one hand, it is easy to feed, because the fish does not refuse any food. And on the other hand, in unnatural conditions, it needs to provide a varied diet, which will include algae, sponges and small invertebrates. Only then will the fish maintain its bright color and feel comfortable.
In specialized stores, you can often find ready-made feed intended for this type of fish. Buying such a food is ideal, because it is balanced and contains all the necessary components. If you decide to make a diet yourself, be sure to include crushed sponges and spirulina in the menu.
You need to feed the fish 2-3 times a day, giving such an amount of food that the inhabitants of the aquarium can eat at a time. The home menu can also include crushed meat of frozen mussels, shrimp, squid, and even add a little spinach.
When feeding, pay attention to whether the feed goes to younger individuals and the neighbors of the angels in the aquarium. Gluttonous fish often try to eat more food on their own, and other individuals may be left without food. In a cramped aquarium, they generally may not allow smaller fish to feed.
Under natural conditions, when the fish have a large territory at their disposal, the aggression of males towards each other appears exclusively during the period of active reproduction, when pairs and mini-harems are forming. The rest of the time, individuals of the same sex are fairly neutral to each other.
Everything happens a little differently in the confined space of the aquarium. First of all, I want to note that the sooner the fish enters the aquarium, the more aggressively it will defend its rights to the territory. Some pomacantes are even able to make quite loud clicking sounds, trying to scare away rivals.
Moreover, it is precisely the pomacanths that are the most aggressive among angel fish, and it often happens that only one individual of this species can be in the aquarium. For every adult angel fish, there must be at least 200 liters of water. So before you decide on these absolutely beautiful fish, think about whether they have enough space for a comfortable living.
Popular aquarium species
For those who for the first time want to populate a mysterious angel fish in their aquarium, below is a small list of the most unpretentious species according to the conditions of detention:
- Yellow-tailed hetodontople angel is small in size (up to 18 cm), calm and omnivorous. You can feed with spinach, green salad and dry food. A little lazy and inactive, but non-aggressive.
- Lyrebird angel - grows only up to 15 cm, has a more elongated shape. Active and inquisitive fish, easily adaptable, gets along well with other inhabitants of the aquarium. However, it is demanding on water quality and feeds mainly on plankton.
- Centropig blue-yellow - also about 15 cm long., It differs in a beautiful contrasting color. He quickly gets used to the new conditions and lives peacefully with non-aggressive neighbors. Young fish eat mainly plankton, while adults prefer meat food and love to eat algae.
- The black angel is a magnificent fish with a truly royal grace, however, it grows large enough - up to 40 cm. Therefore, for all its unpretentiousness, it requires a spacious aquarium and a minimum of neighbors to keep, as it prefers to dominate.
These are just a few of dozens of different types of angel fish. Each of them is unique and good in its own way, and if you take responsibility for the choice of a new inhabitant of the aquarium and take into account all the necessary conditions, then it will delight you with its bright color and unique grace for a long time.