Puli is a medium-sized shepherd dog, originally from Hungary. Due to its unusual appearance, it is one of the recognizable breeds. In the USA, her name is “The Rasta Dog” for its similarity to the hairstyles of rastamans.
- Prone to barking.
- Love their family, but do not like strangers. They can attack without warning.
- Smart, but do not like boring and monotonous activities.
- You need to train a bullet puppy as soon as possible, then this will be much more difficult.
- They remain active and lively until old age. And they live up to 15 years.
- Care is difficult, especially when the cords are formed. It is better to turn to grooming professionals.
Puli is an ancient breed of dogs that appeared on the territory of modern Hungary together with the Magyar tribes about 1000 years ago. Three breeds are indigenous to this country: bullets, kuvas and komondor.
It is traditionally believed that they all migrated with the Magyars, but recent research suggests that the bullets and the Komondor came to the region later, along with the Cumans, whom we know as Pechenegs.
She could shepherd and guard herds both herself and in tandem with other breeds.
Usually, the larger Komondors and Kuvasz had guard functions, and the bullets were a shepherd and cattle dog. If the Komododors guarded the herd at night continuously patrolling the perimeter, then the bullets looked after and controlled the day.
If predators attacked the herd, then they raised the alarm and Komododors or Kuvas entered into the matter. However, they themselves could fight back, since the thick coat did not allow the wolves to injure the dog.
Nomadic tribes valued these dogs and one bullet could cost an annual income.
The bullet breed was intensively and carefully selected for hundreds of years, but pedigree books began to be kept recently. First of all, working qualities were appreciated, but the exterior was also held in high esteem, since quality dogs were very much appreciated by nomads. Often they paid an amount equal to annual earnings for dogs.
By the 18th century, the breed is quite developed and the appearance of other European breeds does not lead to its extinction. But by crossing with other breeds pumi and mudi appear. Pumi is believed to be the result of a cross between a bullet and a briar, and a mudi bullet with shepherd dogs and spitz.
Bullets are very popular throughout Hungary, which by that time was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. By the end of the 18th century, this is the largest breed of dog, but in the rest of the empire it is not so popular.
Gradually, the country is moving on to industrial rails and hard times are coming for herding dogs. However, bullets adapt to them, primarily as a companion dog. In addition, the Hungarian police use these smart and controlled dogs in their work.
The first breed standard was created in 1915, and at the show they appeared in 1923. At this time, a large number of Hungarians immigrate to the United States, taking the dogs with them. There they successfully adapt, but they become really popular when the government is looking for a breed that can graze and protect herds.
Authorities test different dogs, including non-shepherd dogs. Where other breeds gain 15-30 points, bullets are up to 85.
In 1936, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed, the United Kennel Club (UKC) did so in 1948. The Puli Club of America Inc. was created in 1951. (PCA), whose goal is to protect and develop the breed.
This helps a lot when, after the First and Second World War, in the birthplace of the breed, the number of dogs drops significantly.
But not as significant as the number of kuvas and Komondor, which were larger and more protective in nature.
They were killed by hunger and bullets of invaders. After 10 years, the population is recovering and by 1960 reaches pre-war values.
Today, these are mostly companion dogs, although they manage herds successfully in their homeland.
Their popularity at home has not become less, but in the rest of the world they are rare. In 2010, bullets occupied 145th place in the number of dogs registered in the AKC, with 167 possible places.
This is a medium-sized dog, males at the withers reach 45 cm, females 42 cm. Weight 13-15 kg.
This is one of the few breeds whose wool is gathered in cords resembling dreadlocks. Cords begin to form at the age of 9 months and some owners prefer to trim their dogs so as not to care for them.
These cords continue to grow throughout the life of the dog and can reach the ground by 5 years.
It is believed that bullets can only be black, since it is the most common.
However, other colors are acceptable: white, gray, cream. Most dogs are solid, but cream dogs may have a black mask on their faces.
The rest of the dog's features are hidden by hair. Underneath is a muscular and athletic body with a proportional head. Eyes are dark brown, ears are v-shaped with rounded tips.
Known for their affection for the family, very active and playful, remain so until their venerable age. To strangers they are treated with caution, as it should be with a shepherd dog. Bullets that were not usually trained to be aggressive towards strangers can attack and they have a reputation for biting breed.
In general, a socialized dog finds a common language with children, but if there are small children in the house, then care must be taken.
They can drag on the cords, causing the dog pain, and while defending it can bite. But they are magnificent guard and guard dogs that protect the family from any threat.
True, this leads to the fact that the bullets have to be closed in the room, if the house is guests. Proper socialization and training is extremely important, otherwise there is a risk of getting an uncontrollable or aggressive dog.
Most bullets are aggressive and dominant to same-sex dogs. If this is an unfamiliar dog, and even in the territory of a bullet, then she will be in trouble. Those dogs that are not socialized and not raised will resort to force in order to drive away someone else's.
Since this is a shepherd dog, they do not touch other animals. However, they strive to control them and do this by force. They can live with small animals with due diligence, but this is definitely not the breed with which it is easy. Especially dislike the control and dominance of a cat.
Bullets are a smart breed that ranks high on the list of the smartest breeds. If you start to train your puppy early, you can achieve high results in agility and obedience. Under natural conditions, they are able to skillfully manage herds of sheep, and this requires more intelligence than wearing a stick.
Adult dogs are much more difficult to train at all, and especially bullets. If you do not start training as early as possible, you can get a practically untrained dog. In addition, these are great manipulators that quickly understand how to get what they want from a person.
Energetic and tireless, they are designed to constantly work at high speeds. At the same time, bullet performance is maintained until old age and a nine-year-old dog will not yield to a three-year-old. As a result, maintaining an apartment can be a daunting task.
They are small enough to adapt to life in the city, but they need a load. If the dog is bored, then she will find entertainment for herself, only it will be destructive.
Another problem when keeping in the apartment may be barking. They warn the owners of the potential danger and do it in a voice. Bark to make the sheep move. As a result, they are very vociferous. The bullets will warn the owner by barking about what he sees, hears or smells.
This may not please your neighbors.
Sophisticated and even unique. The bullet's hair begins to turn into cords when she is nine months old. However, if you do not care for them, they turn into warlocks and hurt the dog.
Care is quite simple, but takes a lot of time, especially for long cords.
Since the breed remains rare, owners resort to the services of professionals. Some people prefer to trim their dogs.
It is difficult to wash them, even if you just need to wet the cords for half an hour. But, it’s much harder to dry well, as wet hair can become a refuge for the fungus.
Like other purebred breeds, the formation of which went through natural selection, bullets are in good health. The average life expectancy is 12-15 years.