Balinese cat or as it is also called Balinese cat (English Balinese cat) smart, gentle, affectionate. If you ask the owners why they love their balineses, then you risk listening to a long monologue.
Indeed, despite the aristocratic posture and proud appearance, a loving and faithful heart is hidden under them. And to assess the level of intelligence, it is enough to look into sapphire eyes once, you will see attentiveness and undercurrent of curiosity.
The breed of balinese comes from Siamese cats. It is unclear whether it was a spontaneous mutation, or the result of a cross between a Siamese and angora cat.
Although she has long hair (the main difference from Siamese, she is even called Siamese long-haired), she does not require special care, because unlike other long-haired cats, Balinese has no undercoat.
Balinese cats are friendly and sociable, they like to be in the company of people, although they are attached to one person.
They are beautiful, cute, agile and curious. Their voice is loud, like Siamese cats, but unlike them soft and musical.
There are two versions of the appearance of the Balinese cat breed: they are the result of a natural mutation, and what appeared from the crossing of a Siamese and Angora cat.
In the litters of Siamese cats, kittens with long hair sometimes appeared, but they were considered culling and not advertised.
In 1940, in the USA, Marion Dorset decided that these kittens deserve to be called a separate breed, and not a Siamese marriage. She began work on crossing and strengthening the breed in 1950, and in 1960 Helen Smith joined her.
It was she who proposed to name the breed - a Balinese cat, and not a Siamese longhair, as it was called then.
She called them so for their elegant movements, reminiscent of the gestures of dancers from the island of Bali. Helen Smith herself was an unusual person, a medium and a mystic, so such a name is characteristic of her. In addition, Bali is close to Siam (present-day Thailand), which alludes to the history of the breed.
Siamese cat breeders were not enthusiastic about the new breed, they were afraid that it would reduce demand and that these long-haired upstarts would not affect the pure Siamese genetics. Much was poured mud on the new breed before it was recognized.
But, the breeders were persistent and by 1970, all major American cat lovers associations recognized the breed.
According to CFA statistics, in 2012 the breed ranked 28th out of 42 cat breeds recognized in the USA by the number of registered animals.
In the late sixties, the cat received recognition in America, and in the 1980s in Europe. In Russian, it is called both a Balinese cat and a Balinese, and in the world of names even more.
These are Balinese Cat, Oriental Longhair (Australia), Balinais (France), Balinesen (Germany), Long haired Siamese (obsolete breed name).
The only difference between the Balinese and the traditional Siamese cat is the length of the coat. These are long, graceful cats, but at the same time strong and muscular. The tube-shaped body is covered with medium-length wool.
Mature cats weigh from 3.5 to 4.5 kg, and cats from 2.5 to 3.5 kg.
The body is long, slender with long and thin legs. The movements are smooth and elegant, the cat herself is graceful, not in vain got the name. Life expectancy from 12 to 15 years.
The head is medium in size, in the form of a tapering wedge, with a smooth forehead, a wedge-shaped muzzle and ears wide apart. Eyes like Siamese cats, blue, almost sapphire color.
The brighter they are, the better. The shape of the eyes is almond-shaped, they are widely spaced. Strabismus is unacceptable, and the width between the eyes should be at least a few centimeters.
The voice is quiet and soft, and not as persistent as that of Siamese cats. If you are looking for a sociable, musical cat, then balinese will suit you.
In a Balinese cat, the coat is without undercoat, soft and silky, 1.5 to 5 cm long, fits snugly to the body, so that it appears shorter in length than it actually is. The tail is fluffy, with long hair forming a plume.
Plumeage is proof that you have real balinese. The tail itself is long and thin, without creases and cones.
Since they don’t have an undercoat, you will play with the cat more than comb it. Long hair makes it more round and soft in appearance than other breeds of a similar type.
Color - dark spots on the eyes, paws and tail, forming a mask on the face - color point. The remaining parts are light, forming a contrast with these spots. The color of the points should be uniform, without bright spots and unevenness.
Only four color points were allowed in the CFA: sial point (seal point), chocolate (chocolate point), blue (blue point) and lilac (lilac point). But, on May 1, 2008, after the Javanese cat was merged with the Balinese, more colors were added. The palette includes: red point, cream point, tabby, cinnamon, fawn and others. Other felinological associations have also joined.
The points themselves (spots on the face, ears, paws and tail) are darker than the color of the rest of the coat, due to acromelanism. Acromelanism is a type of pigmentation caused by genetics; it is acromelanic colors (points) that appear when the temperature in some parts of the body is lower than in the rest.
These parts of the body are several degrees colder, and the color is concentrated in them. As the cat grows older, the body color darkens.
Balinese has a wonderful character, she loves people and is attached to her family. She will be the best friend who wants to be with you.
It does not matter what you do: lie in bed, work at the computer, play, she is next to you. They definitely need to tell you everything they saw in their gentle feline language.
Balinese cats need a lot of attention; they cannot be left alone for long. It’s easier to entertain the game, they like to play. Turn into a toy any object, a sheet of paper, an abandoned children's cube or a dropped hair clip. And yes, they also get along with other pets, and if you worry about children, then in vain.
Balinese cats are playful and intelligent, so that they easily get used to the noise and activity of children, take a direct part in it. They do not like being chased.
So young children need to be more careful with the cat, if they chase, then it can fight back.
At the same time, the playful character and developed intelligence makes her a companion for children who are neat with her.
An allergy to a Balinese cat happens much less often than to other breeds. Although direct scientific evidence is not yet available, but compared to other cat breeds, they produce much less allergens Fel d 1 and Fel d 4.
The first is found in the saliva of cats, and the second in urine. So they can be called in a sense hypoallergenic.
Nurseries in the United States are working to bring these studies under a scientific base.
Maintenance and care
The soft, silky hair of cats of this breed is easy to care for. It is enough to comb the cat once or twice a week to remove dead hairs.
The fact is that they do not have an undercoat, and the wool does not coalesce into tangles.
It would be ideal to brush your cat’s teeth daily, but it’s difficult, so once a week is better than nothing. Once a week, you need to check the purity of the ears, and clean them with a cotton swab.
Also inspect the eyes, only during the procedure, be sure to use different tampons for each eye or ear.
Caring for a Balinese cat does not seem difficult, it is hygiene and cleanliness.
Do they scratch furniture? No, because they’re easy to accustom them to the scratching post. In a good nursery, kittens are taught to use the toilet and the scruff of the mouth long before they are put up for sale.
Since the difference between a Balinese and Siamese cat is only in one gene (responsible for the length of the coat), it is not surprising that she inherited the illness of her relative.
Although it is a healthy breed, and if it is well maintained, it can live 15 years or more, but some diseases plague it.
They suffer from amyloidosis, a disorder of protein metabolism, accompanied by the formation and deposition of a specific protein-polysaccharide complex in the tissues - amyloid.
This disease causes amyloid formation in the liver, leading to dysfunction, liver damage, and death.
The spleen, adrenal glands, pancreas, and gastrointestinal tract may also be affected.
Siamese victims of this disease show symptoms of liver disease when they are between 1 and 4 years old, and symptoms include loss of appetite, excessive thirst, vomiting, jaundice, and depression.
No treatment has been found, but it will slow the progression of the disease if it is diagnosed early.
Strabismus, which at one time was a scourge among Siamese, is displayed in many nurseries, but can still prove itself.
It intersects with the genes responsible for point color and simply cannot be destroyed.